The Symbol of Okinawa
There are several stories
regarding this symbol, but you will often see it symbolizing Okinawa. You will
see it on all things from Okinawan products, Okinawan organizational logos, to
Okinawan martial arts patches. Here are a few of those legends regarding the
origin of this symbol:
"It is believed that three
envoys were sent to the Shogun of Japan to negotiate a treaty between the mighty
Ryukyu and the mainlanders. The 3 Ryukyuan envoys were ambushed and taken before
the Shogun. One of the Ryukyuan men was Zanna (Janna) Oyakata, the King's
scholar, he attempted to reason with the mainlanders but he and the other 2
Ryukyuans were killed. The method of death was particularly heinous, they were
boiled to death. The Mon (or the Ryukyuan King's Mon, very similar to this one)
represents the 3 bodies swirling in the water lest we forget their sacrifice."
"In the time of king Sho Nei, a
small group of people loyal to the Okinawan king rebelled against the Satsuma.
They were sadly captured and ordered to their death and forced to jump into a
large pot/vat of boiling water. As they met their unfortunate deaths with their
own defiant dignity, a swirling pattern developed in the boiling water. It is
said that this pattern inspired those watching to adopt the symbol now called "Hidari
Gomon/Hijai Gumun". This symbol closely resembles the Japanese "mitsu domae"
Another possibility is that the
symbol in mention is also said to represent the three kingdoms of the Ryukyu's (sanzan)
mainly: Hokuzan, Chuzan and Nanzan. One of the younger kings of the Sho dynasty,
Sho Taku, adopted the Japanese God of War symbol (hachiman) or mitsu domoe.
Often, in karate-do circles, this symbol (mon) is used as a crest for that
particular style and is often referred to simply as the "Sho" in what is a
reference to the Sho dynasty.
We know this symbol as the three
tears. The Three tears are a symbol of "death before dishonor." The three tears
represent three men- a 16th Century Okinawan and two Japanese samurai. The
Okinawan was being restrained by the samurai, who were ordered by the Okinawan
King to throw him into a vat of boiling oil while he watched.
To show his indifference to
death and his disdain for the king, the Okinawan grabbed the two samurai and
dove headfirst with them into the vat. The story is so well-known in Okinawa,
and the action is so highly regarded, that the three tears symbol is
incorporated into the Okinawan flag.
This symbol was made in the age
of the Ryukyuan Dynasty.
The exact age is not known. The
meaning is; To call rain clouds so that the rain may help farmers. When the
castle was surrounded and set on fire by enemies, rain clouds came and it
started to rain and extinguished the fire and helped the castle in ancient time.
The LEFT turn is the correct